Climate Mitigation Projects with the support of Fair Climate Network.
1. Low Carbon Farming (LCF)
SACRED is implementing the Low Carbon Farming (LCF) unique program along with 4 other Participant NGOs. SACRED has embarked on a project to leverage domestic & international Carbon Markets to support scaled up Sustainable Agriculture activities on 4,000 hectares of land in Bidadi District, Karnataka. This will be scaled up to cover 50% of the farmers that SACRED works with.
Funding Agency: Under collaboration and support of with Environment Defense Fund (EDF), USA and Fair Climate Network (FCN) EDF – FCN.
Low Carbon Farming (LCF) Strategy: LCF supports sustainable farming by encouraging farmers to adopt practices that reduce/minimize/remove the use of synthetic fertilizers while, at the same time, improving soil carbon content. This is done through reduced tillage, anaerobic composting, using organic fertilizers, mulching, intercropping, multi-cropping, and a horde of techniques specially designed for particular regions, populations and climatic zones.
Low Carbon Farming is a strategy to incentivize small and marginal farmers with Carbon Revenues, to reduce High External Input Destructive Agriculture (HEIDA) and adopt Sustainable Agriculture with Carbon Revenues. Three other Economic drivers that root for Sustainable Agriculture (SA) are
- Increased Yield
- Decreased Input Costs and
- Improved Price for Sustainable Agriculture (SA) produce
As the Low Carbon Farming Technology has changed into Cool Farming Technology, we are not practicing it with the farmers and we promote farmers to practice organic farming techniques with the provision of desi seed from the seed bank promoted by SACRED.
This project is executed in 45 villages in Magadi and Ramnagara taluk of Ramnagara district. Under this project, 2500 acres are covered. 3000 plots are covered under 2500 acres. 50 community volunteers are working in the ground to promote Low carbon farming practices. We have covered 1300 farmers.
We have set up a Gas Chromatograph Lab to analyze Green House Gas Emissions from agricultural plots. Also, we have set up a reference Plot in Nijiyappanadoddi to measure Green House Gases emissions.
Green House Gas Analysis Laboratory
A specialized Green House Gas analysis laboratory was started in 2010, with funding and technical guidance from Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and Fair Climate Network (FCN) scientists and tech team.
A green house gas laboratory can also be called Gas Analysis Laboratory or Gas Chromatography Laboratory. As the name suggests, Gas Chromatograph (GC) is the principal instrument in the lab. All other components such as gas cylinders, gas panels, UPS, AC, thermo-hygrometer etc., are either linked to GC or are to provide suitable laboratory conditions. The lab is mostly dry lab with GC, carrier gas cylinders, gas lines, purification panels (filters) and UPS.
GHG Experimental/Reference plot
- Green house gases research experimental/reference plot or Ragi nitrous oxide flux monitoring plot has been set up in Nijapanadoddi, a village in Ramanagara. In this plot Low Carbon Farming/Sustainable agricultural practice(LEISA) and Main stream agricultural practices (HEIDA) have been implemented and the green house gases emissions that is produced from this two different practices has been measured.
- Green house gases sample collection is been practised in this plot, we use Perspex/Acrylic boxes of different dimensions for gas sample collection.
- Gas samples are collected using 60 mL BD syringes and are analysed in the lab on the same day of sample collection, for recording different concentrations of gases for that day
- Gas sampling happens around rainfall events, fertilizer/manure application or any other farm management activities.
- This initiative is meant to tap carbon revenues from carbon markets to incentivize small and marginal farmers.
2. Micro scale Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Biogas Program
WORD in Namakkal is one of the coalition members NGO of SCINDeA biogas coalition to implement micro scale domestic bio gas CDM project in Ramnagara District under the Clean Development Mechanism of the UNFCCC under the Kyoto Protocol with the support of Fair Climate Network and also with the Gold Standard Foundation.
The CDM project aims to reduce fuel wood and kerosine usage and assist 5000 poor women in Ramnagara District, Karnataka. SACRED also has an equipped team and trained masons to build biogas plants. SACRED is looking for investors for this unique and ambitious project. The host Country Approval for this project obtained from the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The Project has got registered with UNFCCC to build 5000 bisogas units with the selected end user families in Ramnagara District in Karnataka. As a pilot phase, we have constructed 50 biogas units in Doddagangavadi, akkur & Chikkagangavadi and trained the masons at the field level. All the biogas units were commissioned.
Funding Agency: FCN, Bagepalli
The purpose of this mechanism is to help non-polluting countries achieve sustainable development and, at the same time, help industrialized countries meet emission reduction quotas they have committed to in Kyoto.
The science that supports the Clean Development Mechanism is that since the whole world is like a greenhouse, CO2 and Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emitted by industry in any one part of the globe can get sequestered in any other part of the world.
Case Study: The Bagepalli CDM Biogas Project
Rural women in Chickballapur district, Karnataka, burnt fuel wood and use kerosene for their daily cooking needs. This resulted in Carbon Emissions to the tune of 3.6 Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) per annum/family. A far sighted Carbon Investor who wanted to both, make profits and also participates in pro-rural women CDM Project, advanced € 1.1 million to build 5,500 Biogas Units for them to convert cow dung into cooking gas.
When these Units are commissioned, there will be a saving (or emission reduction) of 3.5 CERs per Biogas Unit per annum. These 5,500 x 3.5 = 19,553 CERs can be traded in the Carbon Market at the market price of CERs. It is also is also registered as a Gold Standard project thus benefiting a premium on the CER price.
Individual factories in Europe, who are legally obliged to reduce their carbon emissions, will purchase these CERs to meet a part of their respective quotas, provided the market price of CERs is cheaper than installing clean-up technology on their chimney stacks.
Annual income from the sale of 19,553 CERs will, for the first 2-3 years, go to meet the construction cost of the 5,500 Biogas Units and the Carbon Investor will recover his initial investment. After that, CER Revenues are a pure income that will be shared by both, the Carbon Investor and 5,500 rural women.